Sunday, 5 May 2013
Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali was born in the Catalan town of Figueras, Spain, on May 11, 1904. He soon showed skills for drawing, and his father, a notary, sent to Madrid to study at the School of Fine Arts of San Fernando, for removal if years later. His early works, such as "Girl at the Window", were within a naturalistic and detailed that produced an ambiguous sense of unreality, which accentuate later.
In 1928, driven by the Catalan painter Joan Miró moved to Paris and joined the Surrealist movement, however, with its exhibition of 1933 met international fame. It was then that he began to lead a full social life and eccentricities povocaciones. This attitude was seen by some as a way to market his paintings and coupled with his lack of political stance, leading to his expulsion from the Surrealist group. During this period implemented its "method of interpretation paranoiac-critical", based on the theories of psychoanalysis, delirious and dreamlike elements associating a realistic pictorial language.
During World War II, he settled in the United States, close to Hollywood, where he worked with some movies. In the late 1940s regrsó to Spain and began a mystical phase compositions from famous as "The Last Supper" on the work of Italian, Leonardo da Vinci. Subsequently alternated painting with jewelry design and book illustration. Meanwhile, the anthology exhibition of his work took place (New York, 1966, Paris, 1979, Madrid, 1982), and, as his public speeches were declining, the controversy gave way to a renewed interest in his painting.
In 1974 it opened in Figueras, his hometown, the Dali Museum. Eight years later he died Gala, his muse, which decrease its activity did artístca.Salvador Dalí was with Pablo Picasso and Joan Miro, one of the great representatives of twentieth-century Spanish painting.