He was born in 1746, was Spanish painter and printmaker. He studied with J. Luzán and, from 1763, with his future brother J. Bayeu.
Early work are the frescoes of the Pillar of Zaragoza. In 1766-92 conducted over 45 cartoons for tapestries, ("The Crockery", "The Straw", "Blind Man's Buff" ...). Painter to Charles IV in 1789. In 1792, following a serious illness, was deaf. In 1794 he published a series of etchings, "Los Caprichos." From this period are also a number of small tables and one of his major works, "The Burial of the Sardine". 1798 In thousand decorated, tempera and fresco the chapel suburb of San Antonio de la florida.Gran portrait ("Dukes of Osuna", "Alba", "Jovellanos", "Moratinos", "Countess of Chinchon" "Isabel Cobos "), in 1800 he painted the large canvas" the Family of Charles IV ", one of the jewels of the Prado Museum. From about 1802 are the sensual canvases "Clothed Maja" and "Naked Maja".
The Revolutionary War suggested the etchings from the series "Disasters of War" (1810-1813) and paintings "Dos de Mayo" and "Executions of the Third of May" (Prado). In 1815-16 he recorded the series "Bullfighting". Embittered by the absolutísimo of Fernando VII, he retired to his fifth of the Deaf on the outskirts of Madrid (1819), whose walls decorated with so-called "black paintings" passes after the canvas (Prado). He recorded then the collection of "the silly". In 1823 he was exiled to Bordeaux, where he died in 1828.